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Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°49899 : Contractions - cours
Contractions - cours
BE forme affirmative forme négative forme interro-négative
I am I'm I am not I'm not
he is he's he is not he's not is he not? isn't he?
you are you're you are not you aren't are you not? aren't you ?
I was not I wasn't was I not? wasn't I?
we were not we weren't were we not? weren't we?
HAVE I have I've I have not I haven't have I not ? haven't I?
he has he's he has not he hasn't has he not? hasn't he?
you have you've you have not you haven't have you not? haven't you?
I had I'd I had not I hadn't had I not? hadn't I?
DO I do not I don't do I not ? don't I?
he does not he doesn't does he not ? doesn't he?
he did not he didn't did he not? didn't he?
WILL I will I'll I will not I won't will I not ? won't I?
they will they'll they will not they won't will they not? won't they?
SHOULD ' I should not I shouldn't should I not? shouldn't I?
I should have I should've I should not have I shouldn't have should I not have? shouldn't I have?
WOULD she would she'd she would not she wouldn't would she not? wouldn't she?
she would have she would've she would not have she wouldn't have would she not have? wouldn't she have?
CAN I cannot I can't can I not? can't I?
COULD I could not I couldn't could I not ? couldn't I?
MUST I must not I mustn't must I not? mustn't I?
Certaines contractions ont deux sens:
1. He'd peut être he had ou he would cela dépend du reste de la phrase
They'd like to go to the park (conditionnel: they would like... ils aimeraient...)
We'd finished dinner before they arrived (past perfect: we had finished dinner...)
2. she's peut être she is ou she has
she's got two sisters ( she has got two sisters)
she's twelve years old (she is twelve years old)
a) La contraction 's ne s'emploie pas uniquement avec des pronoms personnels.
Elle peut être utilisée avec des noms communs, des noms propres, les mots interrogatifs, here, there
* The train's late * Mummy's in the kitchen * Bob's arrived (has)
* Where's my book? * Who 's eaten my porridge? (has) * Here 's your jacket * There's a dog in the garden
b) dans certains cas il y a deux contractions possibles.
He is not: he's not ou he isn't
They are not: they're not ou they aren't
mais on ne mettra pas les deux contractions en même temps: