Cliquez ici pour revenir à l'accueil...
Connectez-vous!


Connexion auto
[Aide]
Nouveau compte
3 millions de comptes créés

100% gratuit!
[Avantages]


Comme
2 millions de
personnes, recevez gratuitement chaque semaine une leçon d'anglais...
Cliquez ici!



  • Accueil
  • Aide/Contact
  • Accès rapides
  • Imprimer
  • Lire cet extrait
  • Livre d'or
  • Nouveautés
  • Plan du site
  • Presse
  • Recommander
  • Signaler un bug
  • Traduire cet extrait
  • Webmasters
  • Lien sur votre site





  • > Partenaires :
    -Jeux gratuits
    -Traducteur anglais
    -Nos autres sites
       


    Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°5079: Conjugaison :present perfect ou prétérit

    > Plus de cours & d'exercices d'anglais sur le même thème : Présent [Autres thèmes]
    > Tests similaires : - Présent en BE + -ING - Présent simple - Fiche synthétique : présent simple / présent en BE + -ING - Thierry en Angleterre 6 - Présent simple - Présent -Les deux principaux présents anglais (grand cours) - Présent BE+V ing-A1 - Modal : may/might
    > Double-cliquez sur n'importe quel terme pour obtenir une traduction...


    Conjugaison :present perfect ou prétérit


    Past simple and present perfect

    Time expressions that refer to the present, such as this morning/ morning/week/month and today, can be used with either past simple or present perfect verbs. If we think of this morning (etc.) as a past completed time period, then we use the past simple; if we think of this morning (etc), as a time period which includes the present moment, then we use the present perfect. Compare:

    ·I didn’t shave this morning. (= The morning is over and I didn’t shave)
    ·I haven’t shaved this morning. (= It is still the morning and I might shave later).

    In a sentence which includes a time clause with since, we generally prefer a past simple verb in the time clause and a present perfect verb in the main clause. The time clause refers to a particular point in the past.
    ·Since Mr Hassan became president, both taxes and unemployment have increased. (rather than.. has become…)
    ·She hasn’t been able to play tennis since she broke her arm. (rather than.. has broken…)


    Notice, however, that we use the present perfect in the time clause if the two situations described in the main clause and time clause extend until the present:
    ·Have you met any of your neighbours since you’ve lived here? (Not…. You lived)

    After the pattern It/ that/ this/ is/ will/ be the first time…. We generally use the present perfect in the next clause:

    ·That’s the first time I have seen Jan look embarrassed. (reporting a past event).
    ·It won’t be the first time she has voted against the government in her long career. (talking about a future event.)


    Notice, however, that after it/ that/this was the first time… we generally use the past perfect.
    ·It was the first time I’d walked to Ella outside the office.

    With time clause introduced by after, when, until, as soon as, once, by the time and the time expressions the minute/ second/moment the past simple refers to past, completed events and the present perfect refers to future events. Compare these examples:
    ·After she left hospital (past), she had a long holiday.
    ·After Dominic has left school (future), he will be spending six months in India.
    ·The minute I got the news about Sue (past) I telephoned my parents.
    ·I’ll contact you the minute I’ve got my exam results. (Future)

    In the time clause in sentences like this it is possible to use the past perfect instead of the past simple (e.g. after she had left…) and the present simple instead of the present perfect (e.g. after Dominic leaves..) with the same meaning.






    Avancé

    Exercice d'anglais 'Conjugaison :present perfect ou prétérit' créé par felin avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! [Plus de cours et d'exercices de felin]
    Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais [Sauvegarder] [Charger] [?]


    1. I a lot this week, but I have to get the book completely finished by this weekend.
    2. It was so hot today that I shorts and a T-shirt at work.
    3. We £200 on food this month and there's another week to go before I get paid.
    4. I' ve never heard Ken criticise anyone since I him.
    5. As soon as I the car I realised that something was wrong with the engine.
    6. My mother me three times this morning and then this afternoon she came round to my house.
    7. I twenty essays today, but I've still got five more before I go to bed.
    8. After Dominic school, he will be spending six months in India.
    9. I James move house this week and he sent me a big bunch of flowers to say' thank you'
    10. Carlo's injury only became apparent after he to play for Real Madrid.
    11. After you the windows, can you vacuum the sitting room, please?
    12. It's the first time I Mr James shout at anyone since he started teaching at the school.
    13. I didn't have time to check the composition. I handed it in as soon as I it.








    Fin de l'exercice d'anglais Conjugaison :present perfect ou prétérit
    Un exercice d'anglais gratuit pour apprendre l'anglais. (tags: present )
    Tous les exercices | Plus de cours et d'exercices d'anglais sur le même thème: Présent
    Fiches de grammaire anglaise | Documents audios/vidéos en anglais | CREER UN TEST



    Recommander cette page


    > INDISPENSABLES : TESTEZ VOTRE NIVEAU | GUIDE DE TRAVAIL | NOS MEILLEURES FICHES | Les fiches les plus populaires | Aide/Contact

    > COURS ET TESTS : -ing | AS / LIKE | Abréviations | Accord/Désaccord | Activités | Adjectifs | Adverbes | Alphabet | Animaux | Argent | Argot | Articles | Audio | Auxiliaires | Be | Betty | Chanson | Communication | Comparatifs/Superlatifs | Composés | Conditionnel | Confusions | Conjonctions | Connecteurs | Contes | Contractions | Contraires | Corps | Couleurs | Courrier | Cours | Dates | Dialogues | Dictées | Décrire | Ecole | En attente | Exclamations | Faire faire | Famille | Faux amis | Films | For ou since? | Formation | Futur | Fêtes | Genre | Get | Goûts | Grammaire | Guide | Géographie | Habitudes | Harry Potter | Have | Heure | Homonymes | Impersonnel | Infinitif | Internet | Inversion | Jeux | Journaux | Lettre manquante | Littérature | Magasin | Maison | Majuscules | Make/do? | Maladies | Mars | Matilda | Modaux | Mots | Mouvement | Musique | Mélanges | Méthodologie | Métiers | Météo | Nature | Neige | Nombres | Noms | Nourriture | Négation | Opinion | Ordres | Participes | Particules | Passif | Passé | Pays | Pluriel | Plus-que-parfait | Politesse | Ponctuation | Possession | Poèmes | Present perfect | Pronoms | Prononciation | Proverbes et structures idiomatiques | Prépositions | Présent | Présenter | Quantité | Question | Question Tags | Relatives | Royaume-Uni | Say, tell ou speak? | Sports | Style direct | Subjonctif | Subordonnées | Suggérer quelque chose | Synonymes | Temps | Tests de niveau | There is/There are | Thierry | This/That? | Tous les tests | Tout | Traductions | Travail | Téléphone | USA | Verbes irréguliers | Vidéo | Villes | Voitures | Voyages | Vêtements


    > INFORMATIONS : Copyright - En savoir plus, Aide, Contactez-nous [Conditions d'utilisation] [Conseils de sécurité] Reproductions et traductions interdites sur tout support (voir conditions) | Contenu des sites déposé chaque semaine chez un huissier de justice | Mentions légales / Vie privée / Cookies.
    | Cours, leçons et exercices d'anglais 100% gratuits, hors abonnement internet auprès d'un fournisseur d'accès.