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    Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°66744: Discours direct et indirect

    > Plus de cours & d'exercices d'anglais sur le même thème : Style direct [Autres thèmes]
    > Tests similaires : - Style direct-Style indirect: Cours pour débutants - Discours Indirect - Discours direct et indirect - Inversion sujet verbe - Style direct & style indirect : suite (cours pour débutants) - Discours indirect - Discours indirect passé - Discours indirect
    > Double-cliquez sur n'importe quel terme pour obtenir une traduction...


    Discours direct et indirect


                                      DIRECT   AND   INDIRECT   SPEECH 

     

             
                                  Sarah
    -Hello! Sarah speaking.
    -Hello Sarah! It's me, Bob.
    I'm going to see my mother tomorrow.
                                                              
                What did he say?

    Discours direct

     Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother tomorrow.'

             ( Bob a dit: 'J'irai voir ma mère demain')

    Discours indirect

     Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother the next day.

           (Bob a dit qu'il irait voir sa mère le lendemain)

     On utilise le style indirect pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un sans faire de citation.
     Les guillemets disparaissent.
     En français la subordonnée est introduite par que (obligatoire) en anglais elle est introduite par that (facultatif).

     
                        Pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un on peut utiliser d'autres verbes que 'say'.
                    Bob announced that ...     Bob declared that...   Bob added that...     Bob told me that...
                  remarque:  Bob said that...  Bob said to me that...(moins commun)    Bob told me that...

                                Discours direct => discours indirect : modifications à apporter

     

         Changer les pronoms personnels, les pronoms et adjectifs possessifs concernant la personne qui parle
           Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother.'       =>        Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother.
          'You have bought yourself a lovely dress.'    =>   He told her (that) she had bought herself a lovely dress.

     

               Modifier les adverbes de temps et de lieu, les pronoms ou adjectifs démonstratifs 
     'I'm going to see my mother tomorrow.'      =>    Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother the next day.
     Mark:  'I went to London last week.'    =>    He added (that) he had gone to London the week before.
     Sue:   'I must leave now!'    =>    She told me (that) she had to leave then.
     Peter: 'I don't like this house.'   =>    Peter said (that) he didn't like that house.   
     Peter: 'I can't live here.'   =>   Peter told us (that) he couldn't live there.
         discours direct           discours indirect
             now    =>   then
           tonight=>  that night
          yesterday    =>  the day before / the previous day
          tomorrow    =>  the next day / the following day
     last (year, month...)  =>   the last / previous (year, month...)
     next (month, week...)  =>  the next / following (month, week...) 

      this     =>  that
      that     =>  that
      these   =>  these
      those   =>  those
      here    =>  there
      there   =>  there

     
                                                              Changer les temps des verbes
          Quand le verbe qui introduit le discours indirect est au passé il y a en général changement de temps.
     Bob said, 'I'm going to see my mother.'        =>      Bob said (that) he was going to see his mother.

                                                                                       

                             Discours direct=>                        Discours indirect
          La concordance des temps se fait comme en français:  Elle a dit: 'il est malade   =>  Elle a dit qu'il était malade
    futur'I will always love you.'=>conditionnelHe said he would always love me.
    present simple.'He is ill.'=>past simpleShe said he was ill.
    present continuous 'I'm leaving today.'=>past continuousHe said he was leaving that day.
    present perfect 'You have bought a dress.'=>past perfectHe said she had bought a dress.
    present perf. cont. 'I've been working all day.'=>past perf. cont.He said he had been working all day.
    past simple 'I went to London.'=>past perfectHe said he had gone to London.
    past continuous 'My friends were playing chess.'=>past perfect cont.He said his friends had been playing chess.
    past perfect 'I had lost my bag'..  pas de changement

                           Les modaux:  could,  should,  would,  might,  ought to  ne changent pas 
     can     => could      'She can cook delicious meals.'       He said she could cook delicious meals.
     may=> might  'It may not rain this night.'He said it might not rain that night.
     must=> had to  'I must leave now.'She said she had to leave then.




    Intermédiaire

    Exercice d'anglais 'Discours direct et indirect' créé par lili73 avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! [Plus de cours et d'exercices de lili73]
    Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais [Sauvegarder] [Charger] [?]


    1.
    Compléter en faisant les changements de pronoms ou adjectifs nécessaires
    Add the correct pronouns/possessive adjectives
                   direct speech                    indirect speech
    Sarah: 'I'm going to the cinema with my boyfriend Sarah said that was going to the cinema with boyfriend.
    The neighbours: 'Can you lend us a ladder?'They asked us if could lend a ladder.
    Tom: ' parents went with to Scotland.'Tom told me that his parents had gone with him to Scotland.'
    Jim and Jill:' are looking at in the mirror.'They replied that they were looking at themselves in the mirror.'

    2.
    Compléter en modifiant les adverbes de lieu, temps ou adjectifs démonstratifs
    Add the correct adverbs, tenses, demonstrative adjectives
                 discours direct                               discours indirect
    Our friends: 'We have never been here before.'Our friends told us that they had never been before.
    Bill: 'I had a frightening dream tonight.'Bill said that he had had a frightening dream .
    Lara: 'I went to the swimming pool .'Lara said that she had gone to the swimming pool the day before.
    John: 'I'll have finished work by .'John told me that he would have finished that work by the next day.

    3.
    Compléter en écrivant les verbes aux temps qui conviennent
    Add the correct verbs
    She said, 'I have a terrible toothache today.'She said she a terrible toothache that day.
    My sister promised, 'I will come with you.'My sister promised she come with me.
    He told me, 'I was reading a book when the explosion occurred.'He told me that he a book when the explosion .
    Anna said, 'You   come and stay with me.Anna said that I could come and stay with her.
    Brian told me, ' I tennis for ten years.'He told me that he had been playing tennis for ten years.









    Fin de l'exercice d'anglais Discours direct et indirect
    Un exercice d'anglais gratuit pour apprendre l'anglais. (tags: direct )
    Tous les exercices | Plus de cours et d'exercices d'anglais sur le même thème: Style direct
    Fiches de grammaire anglaise | Documents audios/vidéos en anglais | CREER UN TEST



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