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Emploi du gérondif/Exercice

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Emploi du gérondif/Exercice
Message de taconnet posté le 12-10-2010 à 19:22:32 (S | E | F)
Bonjour.

Le gérondif (gerund in English) a la même forme que le participe présent:

playing, drinking, running...

Son emploi est une source de problèmes divers, et les étudiants sont souvent confrontés aux difficutés de son utilisation.
En particulier, les verbes suivis d'une forme en ING sont des pièges redoutés.

Le gérondif peut être employé

1- Comme sujet.

« Translating these sentences is awfully boring.»

2- Après une préposition.

« I'm sorry for keeping you waiting.»

3- Après certains verbes.

« He narrowly escaped being run over.»

4- Dans la formation de noms et adjecfs composés.

« Dining-room, sewing-machine, fast-running, easy-going.»

Mais il a encore d'autres emplois que je vous laisse découvrir en ouvrant un bon livre de grammaire.

Je vous propose de traduire les phrases suivantes.

Niveau :
Correction: 6 novembre 2010.

Cela vous permettra de consulter vos livres de grammaire.
Pas de précipitation, prenez tout votre temps.

1- Je me souviens de lui avoir passé un coup de fil pour lui remonter le moral.
2- Cela ne sert à rien d'essayer de changer le monde.
3- Je regrette d'avoir parlé si durement à mes collègues au cours de la réunion hier soir.
4-Voilà deux mois qu'il est parti, aussi j'attends de le revoir avec une impatience fébrile.
5- Le fait que Jean refuse de donner le bras à Marie est plutôt surprenant, tu ne trouves pas?
6- Un tire-bouchon est un outil pour déboucher les bouteilles.
7- Il ne voulait pas courir le risque de faire une erreur, aussi a-t-il demandé des conseils à son ami.
8- Je n'ai pas pu m'empêcher de rire quand je l'ai vu dans cet accoutrement.
9- Je ne pense pas que le fait qu'il la taquine sans cesse la fasse changer d'avis.
10- Elle a renoncé à se plaindre d'être au chômage, et a décidé de créer sa propre entreprise.
11- Le fait que Marie n'ait pas été admise à l'université a surpris toute sa famille.
13- Loin d'être la fin de cette histoire, ce n'était que le début.
14- Obtenir des renseignements de cette société, c'est comme tirer de l'huile d'un mur.
15-Je pense que cet exercice vaut la peine d'être fait.

-------------------
Modifié par lucile83 le 12-10-2010 20:38

titre



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de gerondif, postée le 12-10-2010 à 21:32:31 (S | E)
Hello, Taconnet,

1- I remember calling him /giving him a call/ to cheer him up.
2- It's no use trying to change the world.
3- I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues at last night's meeting.
4- He's left for two months now, so I really look forward to meeting him again.
5- Jean refusing to walk arm in arm with Mary is rather surprising, don't you think ?
6- A corkscrew is a device for uncorking bottles .
7- He didn't want to run the risk of making a mistake, so he asked his friend for advice.
8- I couldn't help laughing when I saw him in that attire .
9- I don't think that his teasing her(gérondif) all the time will make her change her mind.
9 bis:I don't think that him teasing her (participe présent) all the time will make her change her mind.
10- She gave up complaining about being unemployed and decided to make her own company.
11- a) Mary's failing to enter university / b) Mary's failing her university entrance exam /surprised her whole family.
c) Mary's whole family was surprised at her failing her university/college/entrance exam.
13- Far from being the end of that story, it was only the beginning.
14- Getting information about that company is like wringing blood out of a stone.
15-I think this exercise is well worth doing.




Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de lakata, postée le 18-10-2010 à 15:21:54 (S | E)
Bonjour taconnet.

Petite mise au point :

Les shadoks font ce qu'ils veulent, mais pour ma part, je te le jure, les yeux dans les yeux ( expression très en vogue...), je n'ai pas pompé sur Monsieur Gérondif alors que la tentation était pourtant grande !!!

Let's go !

1) I remember calling him to cheer him up.
2) It is not use trying to change the world.
3) I regret speaking / I wish I hadn't spoken so severely to my colleagues at the yesterday evening's meeting.
4) It is two months since he left now, so I'm longing to see him again.
5) Jean refusing to take Mary's arm is rather surprising, don't you think so ?
6)A corscrew is a device used for uncorking bottles.
7) Afraid of taking the risk of being mistaken, he asked his friend for advice
8) I couldn't help laughing when seeing him in such a rig-out.
9) I don't think that the fact he is always teasing her might make her change her mind.
10) She gave up complaining about being out of work and decided to run her own firm.
11) Mary not being admitted to university surprised her whole family.

13)Far from being the end of that story, it was only its beginning.
14)Trying to get some information from this firm is like getting blood out of a stone.
15) I really think this exercise was worth "the visit" and is well worth doing !

Thank you.




Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de dolfine56, postée le 19-10-2010 à 16:29:34 (S | E)
Hello Taconnet,

thanks for helping our neurones not to slow down...a very hard task.

here is my try:

1-I remember calling him to cheer him up.
2-It's no use trying to change the world.
3-I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues at the meeting, yesterday night.
4-It's two months since he left, so I'm looking for him to come back very soon.
5-Jean refusing to give Marie his arm is rather surprising,don't you think so?
6-A corkscrew is a tool for uncorking bottles.
7-He didn't want to run the risk of making a mistake,so he asked his friend for some advice.
8-I couldn't help laughing when seeing her in such a getup.
9-I don't think he'll make her change her mind by teasing her continnually.
10-She gave up complaining to be out of work and she decided to establish her own businness.
11-Marie's whole family was very surprised with her falling university entrance.
13- far from being the end of that story, it was only the beginning.
14-Getting informations from that firm it's like drawing blood out of a stone.
15-I think this exercice is worth doing.

It isn't necessary to say I didn't crib from the two predecessors,you can see my wavering English language.



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de may, postée le 20-10-2010 à 01:18:08 (S | E)
Bonsoir,

1- Je me souviens de lui avoir passé un coup de fil pour lui remonter le moral.
I remember giving him a phone call to cheer him up.
2- Cela ne sert à rien d'essayer de changer le monde.
It is pointless trying to change the world.
3- Je regrette d'avoir parlé si durement à mes collègues au cours de la réunion hier soir.
I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues during the meeting last night.
4-Voilà deux mois qu'il est parti, aussi j'attends de le revoir avec une impatience fébrile.
He has been away two months from now, I still wait to seeing him with an irrational impatience.
5- Le fait que Jean refuse de donner le bras à Marie est plutôt surprenant, tu ne trouves pas?
The fact Jean refuse to give his arm to Marie is somewhat surprising, don't you see that?
6- Un tire-bouchon est un outil pour déboucher les bouteilles.
A corkscrew is a tool to unscrew the bottles.
7- Il ne voulait pas courir le risque de faire une erreur, aussi a-t-il demandé des conseils à son ami.
He didn't want the risk of making an error, also he asked for his friend's advice.
8- Je n'ai pas pu m'empêcher de rire quand je l'ai vu dans cet accoutrement.
I couldn't keep laughing when I saw him in this outfit.
9- Je ne pense pas que le fait qu'il la taquine sans cesse la fasse changer d'avis.
I don't think when he keeps teasing her would make her to change her mind.
10- Elle a renoncé à se plaindre d'être au chômage, et a décidé de créer sa propre entreprise.
She gave up to complain of being unemployed, and decided to start her own business.
11- Le fait que Marie n'ait pas été admise à l'université a surpris toute sa famille.
The fact Marie was not admitted in the university surprised all her family.
13- Loin d'être la fin de cette histoire, ce n'était que le début.
Far from the end of this story was just the beginning.
14- Obtenir des renseignements de cette société, c'est comme tirer de l'huile d'un mur.
To obtain the informations of this organization is like getting blood out of a stone.
15-Je pense que cet exercice vaut la peine d'être fait.
I think this exercise is worth to do.

Merci beaucoup taconnet.

Bonne nuit



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de notrepere, postée le 20-10-2010 à 19:33:04 (S | E)
Hello! I haven't studied English grammar for 30 years...we'll see how I did.

1. I remember giving him a call to boost his morale.
2. No purpose is served by trying to change the world.
3. I regret speaking to my colleagues so harshly at last night's meeting.
4. It has been two months since he left, so I'm looking forward to seeing him again.
5. John's refusing to offer his arm to Marie is rather surprising, wouldn't you say?
6. A corkscrew is a tool for opening bottles. (But bottles are not a tool for opening corkscrews )
7. He didn't want to run the risk of making a mistake, so he asked his friend for some guidance.
8. I couldn't keep myself from cracking up when I saw him in that getup.
9. I don't think his teasing her endlessly is going to change her mind.
10. She quit complaining about being unemployed and decided to start her own company.
11. Marie's not being admitted to the university surprised her whole family. (article avant university = )
12. Forgetting to use number twelve is a rather silly error, don't you think?
13. Far from being the end of this story, it was only the beginning.
14. Getting information from this company is like trying to squeeze blood out of a turnip.
15. I think this exercise is well worth doing. (and it's worth doing well too)

Merci Taconnet




Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de irish21, postée le 21-10-2010 à 00:36:06 (S | E)
Hello everybody,

It's worth trying....

1 - I remember giving him a call to cheer him up.

2 - It's pointless trying to change the world.

3 - I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues during the meeting last night.

4 - He left two months ago today, so I look forward to seeing him again.

5 - Jean refusing to give one's arm to Marie is rather surprising, don't you agree?

6 - A corkscrew is a tool for uncorking bottles.

7 - He didn't want to run the risk of making a mistake, therefore he asked his friend for advice.

8 - I couldn't help laughing when seeing him in such a get-up.

9 - I don't think teasing her constantly he will make her change her mind.

10 - She gave up complaining about being unemployed, and decided to start her own business.

11 - Mary's not being admitted to university surprised her whole family.

13 - Far from being the end of this story, it was only just the beginning.

14 - Getting information from this company is like drawing blood out of a stone.

15 - I think this exercise is well worth doing.

Thank you Taconnet, all this all hard work has given me a thirst!



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de may, postée le 24-10-2010 à 03:03:33 (S | E)
Bonsoir,

In sentence number 5, I couldn't help noticing notrepere is the only one who puts John (not John,np..however) Jean's refusing(which grammatically makes sense to me), whereas I cannot analyse which part of speech the word refusing is in Jean refusing

Good night,

-------------------
Modifié par may le 24-10-2010 03:45





Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de notrepere, postée le 24-10-2010 à 05:25:12 (S | E)
Hello may. In English, the name Jean is usually a woman's name so I decided to use the English equivalent so as not to create ambiguity. As far as sentence construction, this is a possessive used before a gerund. I may be wrong, but I believe that not using the possessive before the gerund turns "refusing" into a participle.

Here are some pages that may interest you:

Lien Internet

Lien Internet

Lien Internet

Lien Internet


On the other hand, I can't help noticing that you didn't even use gerunds in all of your attempts. Go back and do the exercise properly.

Cordially yours,



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de clairefr, postée le 27-10-2010 à 08:36:16 (S | E)
Bonjour à tous,

Voici ma contribution :

1. I remember calling him to make him feel better.
2. It's no use trying to change the world.
3. I regret to talking so unkindly to my colleagues during the meeting yesterday evening.
4. He's been leaving two months ago, so I can't wait to see him.
5. Jean refusing to give his arm to Mary is surprising, isn't it ?
6. A corkscrew is a bottle opening tool.
7. He didn't want to take a chance on making a mistake, so he asked for advice from his friend.
8. I couldn't help laughing when I saw him in such a getup.
9. I don't think teasing her constantly will make her change her mind.
10. She gave up complaining about being unemployed, and decided to create her own business.
11. Mary not being admitted to university surprised all her family.
12.
13. Far from being the end of this story, that wast just the beginning.
14. Getting some informations about this firm is like getting blood out of a stone.
15. I think this exercise is worth doing.

J'ai eu du mal avec le vocabulaire (vive le dictionnaire !) et l'expression "tirer de l'huile d'un mur" que je connaissais pas en français et pour laquelle j'ai honteusement pompé sur les autres posts.

J'ai aussi eu des soucis sur l'ordre des mots :
a bottle opening tool ou a opening bottle tool
Mary not being admitted ou Mary being not admitted
all her family ou her all family


Merci en tout cas pour cet exercice !




Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de lamy, postée le 31-10-2010 à 12:02:25 (S | E)
Hello
Thank you taconnet for WRITING this exercise. REVISING the gerund will do us good. Ok, ok, I'll stop SAYING silly things!


1. I remember giving him a phone call to cheer him up.
2. It’s no use trying to change the world.
3. I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues at the meeting yesterday evening.
4. He’s been away for 2 months now, so I’m looking forward to seeing him again.
5. John’s refusing to walk arm in arm with Mary is rather surprising, don’t you think so?
6. A corkscrew is a tool for uncorking bottles.
7. He didn’t want to risk making a mistake, so he asked his friend for some advice.
8. a) I couldn’t help laughing when I saw him dressed like that
b) I couldn't help laughing when I saw him wearing such fancy clothes.
9. I don’t think that his continuous teasing will make her change her mind.
10. She stopped complaining about being unemployed and decided to start her own business.
11. Mary’s failing her exam at the university astonished all her family.
12. ???
13. Far from being the end of that story, it was only the beginning.
14. Getting information from that company is like making stones weep.
15. I think this exercise is worth doing.

Cordially



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de taconnet, postée le 06-11-2010 à 11:08:17 (S | E)
Bonjour.

Voici quelques remarques liminaires.

Phrase 1

Remember est suivi d'un infinitif lorsqu'il exprime une action qui doit être accomplie (idée de futur) et d'un gérondif lorsqu'il s'agit de l'évocation d'une action révolue(idée de passé)

Remember to lock the door behind you when you leave.
I remember locking the door last night on leaving the premises.

Phrase 2

It's no use + V-ING ──► cela ne sert à rien.
It's no good + V-ING
What's the use of + V-ING ──► À quoi bon.

It's no use trying to call him, the phones are out of order.
What the use of redecorating the bedroom ? We'll be moving out in three months' time.

Phrase 3

Même remarque que pour la phrase 1

I regret to inform you that your application has been rejected.
I regret having been rude to her.

Phrase 4

To look forward to + V-ING ──► Attendre avec impatience.

We are all looking forward to Marie coming home.
Are you looking forward to the weekend ?

Phrase 5

Un gérondif peut-être accompagné d'un adjectif possessif, d'un nom au cas possessif, ou d'un complément introduit par OF.

I like his singing ──► J'aime sa façon de chanter.
Trees of my own planting ──► Des arbres que j'ai plantés moi-même.
Ken's driving is a little erratic ──► Ken conduit d'une façon excentrique.

Attention

Si le sens est « le fait de ...» et non « la façon de...» , on omet très souvent la marque du cas possessif.

Dans la phrase « Ken's driving is a little erratic. », le «'s» est obligatoire car il s'agit de la façon avec laquelle Ken conduit sa voiture.

Phrase 6

We use For + V-ing to say what the general purpose of thing is.

This knife is only for cutting bread.


Phrase 7

To run/take the risk of + V-ing ──► courir /prendre le risque de

Anyone travelling without a passport runs the risk of being arrested.

advice[U]
A piece of advice ──► un conseil

Phrase 8

can't/couldn't help + V-ing ──► s'empêcher de /se retenir de

She tried to be serious but she couldn't help laughing.

Phrase 9

Voir phrase 5

Phrase 10

Give up + V-ING renoncer(à)

Marie has given up smoking.
I'll never give up

Phrase 11

Voir phrase 5

Phrase 13

For from + V-ing

Phrase 14

Expression idiomatique:

« Like getting blood out of a stone/a turnip (AmE).»

If you have difficulty persuading someone to give you money or information, you can say that it is « like getting blood out a stone.»

The goods have been retuned to their rightful owner and getting money back from the seller is like getting blood out of a stone.

On pourrait aussi traduire cette expression par « Parler à un mur »

Phrase 15

It's(not) worth + V-ING

I live only a short walk from here, so it's not worth taking a taxi.
What was the film like ? Was it worth seeing ?



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de taconnet, postée le 06-11-2010 à 12:09:38 (S | E)
Voici ce que je vous propose.

1- I remember calling him to cheer him up.
2- It's no use trying to change the world.
3- I regret speaking so harshly to my colleagues at the meeting last night.
4- It is two months since he left, so I really look forward to meeting him again.
5- Jean's refusing to give his arm to Marie is rather surprising, don't you think ?
6- A corkscrew is a tool for uncorking bottles .
7- He didn't want to run the risk of making a mistake, so he asked his friend for advice.
8- I couldn't help laughing when I saw the outfit he had on ! .
9- I don't think that his teasing her all the time will make her change her mind.
10- She gave up complaining about being unemployed and decided to create her own company.
11- Marie's not having been admitted to the university upset the entire family.
13- Far from being the end of the story, it was only the beginning.
14- Getting information from that company is like getting blood out of a stone.
15- I think this exercise is worth doing.

Je vous remercie pour votre participation.



Réponse: Emploi du gérondif/Exercice de may, postée le 07-11-2010 à 16:22:02 (S | E)
Bonjour

Thank you taconnet pour tous

Best regards,




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