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Correction /obsolescence

Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Correction /obsolescence
Message de zarlocks posté le 01-04-2015 à 23:02:10 (S | E | F)
Bonjour à tous et à toutes.
J'ai besoin d'aide pour vérifier mon texte sur l'obsolescence programmée.
Pourriez-vous m'aider s'il vous plaît ?
Merci pour vos réponses.

Planned obsolescence
To introduce what is called planned obsolescence, we must go back in time.
In the United States in 1920, the US government decides to stimulate the consumption by encouraging the household spending; the society of consumption was born.
The logic is simple: the factories produce more, faster, easier, but in return households must also consume faster than production for assured productivity.
Consume its produce, produce it’s encourage the production, encourage the production it’s create jobs and all that, increases the purchasing power. A real virtuous circle…
But, there is a problem for the non-food products, products are becoming increasingly reliable thanks to the technical progress. That why the product durability slows consumption…

So, the question arises: how to consume? (comment faire consommer)
By reducing voluntarily the lifespan of the products, in order that the customer buys quickly a new product.

You not believe me?
Let's take an example. The first light bulb marketed by Thomas Edison at the end of the 19e century, had an autonomy of 1300 hours, then in the in the 1920s the light bulbs had an autonomy of 2300 hours. But in 1924, things are changed. Big bulbs manufacturer created the Phoebus cartel in Geneva In order to ensure the future of the sector.
The goal? Reduce the duration of bulbs to 1000h. The producers have manipulated the population thanks to a large advertising campaign based on the bulb security and not on the longevity…
At this time, many engineers had filed a patent for light bulb with 100 000h of autonomy, but nobody wanted to commercialize the products…
A light bulb from 1901 lighting a fire station today!

But it was only the beginning, the planned obsolescence is everywhere:
A good example is the mp3. Unlike other consumer electronics, MP3 players are rarely able to be upgraded with more memory. That means the space you have is what you’ve got to work with. Once you fill it up, your only option is to buy another player with more memory available. Also, the lithium-ion batteries are sometimes impossible for the average people to replace on their own.

But Planned obsolescence is not just when a product is deliberately designed to have a specific life span, no, there is also the psychological obsolescence. Here, the product become obsolete because we judge it “has been”. A pretty good example is the clothes. Even if our clothes are not systemically used, we buy new, to be fashionable. The problem is not the innovations, no, the problem is the partial innovation, because the product is often obsolete one or two years after his commercialization.
Apple is a good example. It combines the planned obsolescence and the psychological obsolescence.


So, Planned obsolescence has a number of negative consequences.
• The quicker a product fails, the quicker we need a new one, and the more resources are needed.
• The more we need to manufacture, the more energy and water we us
• The idea that something can be used, abused and thrown away only acts to perpetuate an unsustainable, disposable mentality in society, and will take a lot of effort to undo.
• The wastes: more and more wastes are products..
And, what are we supposed to do against the planned obsolescence?
• Recognize that you are not fully in control of your actions. Manufacturers, retailers and marketers understand human psychology better than you. You’re being manipulated.
• We can choose to buy products that have extended warranties, or that are guaranteed for a reasonable number of years.
• We can look for products that are built to last. Support the small fries where possible, but make it practical as well, because cheaper isn't always better for you or the environment.
• We can Look for items that are made out of durable materials.
• We can Look for things that are made out of recycled material, or that can be recycled.
Remember that the planned obsolescence is a trap of the infinite growth, and the publicity participates in a destruction of the earth.

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Modifié par lucile83 le 01-04-2015 23:05

-------------------
Modifié par zarlocks le 01-04-2015 23:08




Réponse: Correction /obsolescence de here4u, postée le 02-04-2015 à 00:01:29 (S | E)
Hello ! Oh dear ... too long at that time to do it in one go !

Planned obsolescence
To introduce what is called planned obsolescence, we must go back in time.
In the United States in 1920, the US government decides to stimulate the consumption by encouraging the household spending; the society of consumption was born.
The logic is simple: the factories produce more, faster, easier more easily, but in return households must also consume faster than production for assured (another adjective would be better) productivity.
Consume its produce,= le fait de consommer revient 'au fait de produire etc ...) produce it’s encourage the production, encourage the production it’s create jobs and all that, increases the purchasing power. A real virtuous circle…
But, there is a problem for the non-food products, products(they?) are becoming increasingly reliable thanks to the technical progress. That why the product durability slows consumption…

So, the question arises: how to XXXX XXXXXXXX consume? (comment faire consommer)= faire faire quelque chose à quelqu'un
By reducing voluntarily the lifespan of the products, in order that the customer buys quickly a new product.word order.

You notARGH .... believe me?
Let's take an example. The first light bulb marketed by Thomas Edison at the end of the 19e century, had an autonomy of 1300 hours, then in the in the 1920s the light bulbs had an autonomy of 2300 hours. But in 1924, things are changed. Big bulbs manufacturer created the Phoebus cartel in Geneva In order to ensure the future of the sector.
The goal? Reduce the duration of bulbs to 1000h. The producers have manipulated the population thanks to a large advertising campaign based on the bulb security and not on the its longevity…
At this??? (what time?) time, many engineers had filed a patent for light bulbS with 100 000h of autonomy, but nobody wanted to commercialize the products…
A light bulb from 1901 lighting a fire station today!

Tomorrow will be another day !



Réponse: Correction /obsolescence de zarlocks, postée le 02-04-2015 à 16:21:30 (S | E)
Thank you for taking your time to read and to correct my text !

Planned obsolescence

To introduce what is called planned obsolescence, we must go back in time.
In the United States in 1920, the US government decided to stimulate the consumption by encouraging the household spending; the society of consumption was born.
The logic is simple: the factories produce more, faster, easier more easily, but in return households must also consume faster than production for ensured productivity.
Consuming is producing, producing is encouraging the production, encouraging the production is creating jobs and all that, increases the purchasing power. A real virtuous circle…
But, there is a problem for non-food products, they are becoming increasingly reliable thanks to technical progress. That's why the product durability slows consumption…

So, the question arises: how to make somebody consume?
By reducing voluntarily the lifespan of the products, in order the customer buy a new product quicker.

You don't believe me?
Let's take an example. The first light bulb marketed by Thomas Edison at the end of the 19e century, had an autonomy of 1300 hours, then in the in the 1920s the light bulbs had an autonomy of 2300 hours. But in 1924, things have changed. Big bulbs manufacturer created the Phoebus cartel in Geneva In order to ensure the future of the sector.
The goal? Reduce the duration of bulbs to 1000h. The producers have manipulated the population thanks to a large advertising campaign based on the bulb security and not on her longevity…
At that time, many engineers had filed a patent for light bulbs with 100 000h of autonomy, but nobody wanted to commercialize the products…
A light bulb from 1901 lighting a fire station today!



Réponse: Correction /obsolescence de here4u, postée le 02-04-2015 à 23:31:15 (S | E)
Hello !

That's a lot better ! You could have done this right away, couldn't you !

To introduce what is called planned obsolescence, we must go back in time.
In the United States in 1920, the US government decided to stimulate the consumption by encouraging the household spending; the society of consumption was born.
The logic is simple: the factories produce more, faster, easier more easily, but in return households must also consume faster than production for ensured productivity.
Consuming is producing, producing is encouraging the production, encouraging the production is creating jobs and all that, increases the purchasing power. A real virtuous circle…
But, there is a problem for non-food products, they are becoming increasingly reliable thanks to technical progress. That's why the product durability slows consumption…

So, the question arises: how to make somebody consume?
By reducing voluntarily the lifespan of the products, in order(try with 'so that' ...) the customer buy a new product quicker.

You don't believe me? (yes .... )
Let's take an example. The first light bulb marketed by Thomas Edison at the end of the 19e century, had an autonomy of 1300 hours, then in the in the 1920s the light bulbs had an autonomy of 2300 hours. But in 1924, things have changed. Big bulbs manufacturerS created the Phoebus cartel in Geneva In order to ensure the future of the sector.
The goal? Reduce the duration of bulbs to 1000h. The producers have manipulated the population thanks to a large advertising campaign based on the bulb security and not on her longevity…
At that time, many engineers had filed a patent for light bulbs with 100 000h of autonomy, but nobody wanted to commercialize the products…
A light bulb from 1901 lighting a fire station today!(This isn't really a sentence!)

But it was onlyjust the beginning, the planned obsolescence is everywhere:
A good example is the mp3 XXXXXX . Unlike other consumer electronics, MP3 players are rarely able to be upgraded with more memory. That means the space you have is what you’ve got to work with. Once you fill it up, your only option is to buy another player with more memory available. Also, the lithium-ion batteries are sometimes impossible for the average people to replace on their own. (clumsy)

But Planned obsolescence is not just when a product is deliberately designed to have a specific life span,. no,! there is also the 'psychological obsolescence'. Here, the product become obsolete because we judge it “has been”. A pretty good example is the clothes. Even if our clothes are not systemically used, we buy new XXXX, to be fashionable. The problem is not the innovations,. no, the problem is the partial innovation, because the product is often obsolete one or two years after his commercialization.
Apple is a good example. It combines the planned obsolescence and the psychological obsolescence.

Go on !




Réponse: Correction /obsolescence de traviskidd, postée le 03-04-2015 à 04:30:57 (S | E)
Hello zarlocks.

As a general observation, you use "the" far too often. When referring to a concept in general, you should (usually) not use "the". As a rule of thumb, use "the" only if you can answer the question "Which?" (Of course, as with almost every rule in English, there are exceptions, but you will do much better following this rule than not following it.)

------

Planned obsolescence

To introduce what is called "planned obsolescence", we must go back in time.
In (the United States in) 1920, the US government decided to stimulate the consumption by encouraging the household spending; the society of consumption was born.
The logic is simple: the factories produce more, faster, easier (et) more easily, but in return households must also consume faster than production for ensured productivity.
Consuming is means producing, producing is (...) encouraging the production, encouraging the production is creating jobs and (all that)(so on?), (which) increases the purchasing power. A real virtuous circle…
But, there is a problem for non-food products, they are becoming increasingly reliable thanks to technical progress. That's why the product durability slows consumption…

So, the question arises: how to make somebody consume? (ok, or get ... to)
By reducing voluntarily the lifespan of the products, in order (so that) the customer buy_ a new product quicker (more quickly).

You don't believe me?
Let's take an example. The first light bulb marketed by Thomas Edison at the end of the 19e__ century, had an autonomy(lifespan?) of 1300 hours, then in the in the 1920s the light bulbs had an autonomy of 2300 hours. But in 1924, things have changed. [Big bulbs manufacturer created the Phoebus cartel](???) in Geneva In order to ensure the future of the sector.
The goal? Reduce the duration of bulbs to 1000h (hours). The producers have manipulated the population thanks to a large advertising campaign based on the bulb(possessive) security and not on her(bulbs are not women!) longevity…
At that time, many engineers had filed a patent for light bulbs with 100,000h of autonomy, but nobody wanted to commercialize the products…
(Imagine: ) A light bulb from 1901 lighting a fire station today!

------

See you!



Réponse: Correction /obsolescence de bluestar, postée le 03-04-2015 à 09:41:37 (S | E)
Hello..

"A real virtuous circle.."....I think 'vicious circle' is meant here.




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