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Construction / past participle

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Construction / past participle
Message from san99 posted on 03-06-2012 at 03:35:45 (D | E | F)
Hello,

Could you help me please as
I am confused with the construction of the past particle so here I am putting some work together for your review.
Please point out the mistakes.
Thank you for your answers.

Sentence number one:
Emma had lived in Europe for 25 years, but she didn't make good friends there.
Having lived in Europe for 25 years Emma didn't make good friends there.

Sentence number two:
She didn't have enough money to buy a car so she bought a motorbike.
Not having enough money to buy a car she bought a motorbike.

Sentence number three:
She had been living in Australia ever since she's born, she planned to migrate to India in 2006.
Having been lived in Australia ever since she's born she planned to migrate to India in 2006.

Sentence number four:
The boy who carried a yellow file crossed the road in the rush.
The boy carrying a yellow file crossed the road in the rush.

Sentence number five:
We stood at the corner of the street for five minutes and talked to Jane in detail.
Standing at the corner of the street for five minutes we talked to Jane in detail.

Sentence number six
The picture which was stolen from the art gallery was found in Jim's room.
The picture stolen from the art gallery was found in Jim's room.

Sentence number seven:
She was riding her bike and didn't see the car coming in the front.
Riding her bike she didn't see the car coming in the front.

Sentence number eight:
As she was betrayed by her boyfriend she cried all the time.
Betrayed by her boyfriend she cried all the time. or Having betrayed by her boyfriend she cried all the time.

Sentence number nine
Since she didn't hear the doorbell she didn't open the door.
Not hearing the doorbell she didn't open the door.

Sentence number 10
while I was cutting the carrot I cut my finger.
while cutting the carrot I cut my finger.

-------------------
Edited by lucile83 on 03-06-2012 07:33


Re: Construction / past participle from willy, posted on 03-06-2012 at 09:25:42 (D | E)
Hello!

Sentence number one:

it looks correct but it is not. It is a misrelated participle: it is supposed to express the reason why she didn't make good friends, which doesn't make sense. It would be OK if the second clause was positive.
So, that sentence should stay as it is.



Re: Construction / past participle from gerondif, posted on 03-06-2012 at 19:38:05 (D | E)
Hello,
Your exercise is strange, most of the transformed sentences are more awkward than the model.

Sentence number one:
Emma had lived in Europe for 25 years, but she didn't make good friends there.
Having lived in Europe for 25 years Emma didn't make good friends there. This sentence sounds bizarre because it means:
Because she had been living in Europe for 25 years, she didn't make good friends there.
It should be something like: Even after living in Europe for 25 years, she didn't make any good friends there.

Sentence number two:
She didn't have enough money to buy a car so she bought a motorbike.
Not having enough money to buy a car, she bought a motorbike.

Sentence number three:
She had been living in Australia ever since she's(preterite) born, she planned to migrate to India in 2006.
Having been lived in Australia ever since she's born, she planned to migrate to India in 2006.

Sentence number four:
The boy who carried a yellow file crossed the road in the rush.(in a rush)
The boy carrying a yellow file crossed the road in the rush.

Sentence number five:
We stood at the corner of the street for five minutes and talked to Jane in detail.
Standing at the corner of the street for five minutes, we talked to Jane in detail.

Sentence number six
The picture which was stolen from the art gallery was found in Jim's room.
The picture stolen from the art gallery was found in Jim's room.

Sentence number seven:
She was riding her bike and didn't see the car coming in the front.
Riding her bike, she didn't see the car coming in the front.

Sentence number eight:
As she was betrayed by her boyfriend, she cried all the time.
Betrayed by her boyfriend, she cried all the time.
Having ****(past participle of be) betrayed by her boyfriend,she cried all the time.

Sentence number nine
Since she didn't hear the doorbell, she didn't open the door.
Not hearing the doorbell, she didn't open the door.

Sentence number 10
while I was cutting the carrot, I cut my finger.
while cutting the carrot, I cut my finger.





Re: Construction / past participle from san99, posted on 03-06-2012 at 19:42:36 (D | E)
Thank you for posting your answer, I will come up with more questions there, but this time I will try to be more accurate




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