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Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°129587 : Plus-que-parfait - cours

> Plus de cours & d'exercices d'anglais sur les mêmes thèmes : | Plus-que-parfait [Autres thèmes]
> Tests similaires : - Plus-que-parfait simple et en V-ing - Past perfect - Plus-que-parfait : pluperfect - Plus-que-parfait en anglais : cours pour débutants - Choisir son passé - Past perfect simple ou prétérit simple - Différents passés : le past perfect - Past perfect simple
> Double-cliquez sur n'importe quel terme pour obtenir une traduction...

Plus-que-parfait - cours

While most of you, I am sure, are familiar with the Simple Past Tense, many perhaps are unfamiliar or may have a problem in understanding the Past Perfect Tense.



So now the million-dollar question is: when do we use the past perfect tense and how do we write it?

For this let's consider the following situation: 

Say with the intention of going to the movies I reach a film theatre at 6.00 PM. To my disappointment I find that the movie I so badly wished to enjoy actually had begun at 5.30PM. So, I obviously was late. Suppose this is described by using the sentence:

 I reached the theatre, the film began

Now if observed carefully there is a problem with the above sentence. Two actions have been reported that have occurred in the past.

I reached the film theatre. (ACTION ONE)

The film began. (ACTION TWO)

Now the problem with this sentence is it has not been made clear which action occurred first and which next. Or if you look at the meaning conveyed you are unclear whether I reached earlier or the film began earlier.

This is where the Past Perfect Tense comes in.

It is used to talk of the action that occurred FIRST in the PAST. To make things crystal given a situation wherein  in two actions have occurred in the past then we use the Past Perfect Tense to talk of the action which occurred FIRST in the PAST and the Simple Past Tense to talk of the action which occurred SECOND in the PAST.

So fine! Now the issue is how is one to write the Past Perfect Tense?

The answer is simple. Merely use Had + V3! The good news is this 'had' is the same for all --- whatever be the person or the number of people or things involved. So, it is I had, you had, we had, he had, it had, Peter had,Peter and Jacob had and so on and so forth. Great, right?

Ok having learnt this let us make the sentence reporting the situation I have already mentioned in this lesson correctly.

Since I reached the film theatre late it obviously is the SECOND ACTION and I need to use the SIMPLE PAST TENSE to describe it!

Again,since the action of the film beginning happened FIRST in the PAST and I need to use the PAST PERFECT TENSE to describe it.

So the sentence to sound meaningful should, in the fitness of things, read:

reached (SECOND ACTION--SIMPLE PAST TENSE) the film theatre but the film had begun (FIRST ACTION--PAST PERFECT TENSE).

No prizes for guessing which ACTION took place FIRST and which the SECOND in the PAST if I reframe my sentence and write thus: 

I had reached the film theatre, when the film began.

Now I hope you are all braced up for a quiz on the Past Perfect Tense.



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Exercice d'anglais "Plus-que-parfait - cours" créé par sreedhar avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! [Plus de cours et d'exercices de sreedhar]
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1. When I reached my pal's home, much to my disappointment he already (leave).

2. He was utterly weary when he reached home for he (travel) for no fewer than some 36 hours! Golly!

3. I hurried with absolute celerity to the theatre but unfortunately the play (begin).

4. When I met him he was gasping for breath and perspiring profusely for he (run) some five miles!

5. I set out for an exciting outing and thankfully the sun already (arise).

6. The restaurant (shut) down already for the night when I arrived there simply ravenous!

7. He had fainted on the spot when the hardcore criminal (point) a horrible looking pistol at him.

8. People voted for him in all earnestness for he (promise) them all sorts of freebies!

9. I (seek) for help from innumerable people before he offered to help me most genially.

10. Before the match commenced they (mow) the lawn most becomingly!

11. Before we reached home we (have) some truly remarkable experiences!

12. The old man opened the door only after I (ring) the bell a dozen times!

13. By the time he retired he (teach) students in a myriad number!

14. When he was just a ten-year-old-boy, most astonishingly, he (read) scores of books (no wonder his English is so exquisite!).

15. When the teacher administered the test, little did he know that the students (learn) the lesson several times!

Fin de l'exercice d'anglais "Plus-que-parfait - cours"
Un exercice d'anglais gratuit pour apprendre l'anglais.
Tous les exercices | Plus de cours et d'exercices d'anglais sur les mêmes thèmes : | Plus-que-parfait


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