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Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais
Tout ce qui a un rapport avec l'apprentissage de l'anglais: grammaire, orthographe, aides aux devoirs, phrases etc.

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Darwin/ Correction
Message de audebunny posté le 08-04-2005 à 13:34:14 (S | E | F | I)

Bonsoir, veuillez m'aider si possible pour un devoir à faire sur Darwin et ses découvertes. Je n'ai pas encore eu le temps de faire mon commentaire sur ce qui fait que les arguments de Darwin sont encore valables aujourd'hui. Je pense que je le mettrai ce soir.
Il s'agit de voir si je n'ai pas fait de fautes, merci d'avance.


Darwin’s major discoveries

In 1859, Darwin published his master work, on the origin of species by means of natural selection. He discovered that animals and plants could be modified under the domestication.
Then, he analysed the relation between the reproduction and the selection and also the relation between man and monkey.
Afterwards, he studied the evolution of the gesture that animals use to communicate and the relation between the human emotionnal expression.
Darwin also enjoyed studying and writing about plants. He wrote a book about the fertilization of Orchids, the climbing plants and the insectivorous Plants.
He studied the different forms of flowers on plants of the same species and in 1881, he published the famous Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms!

Charles Darwin’s Father of evolution
Darwin was born into an upper middle class family. He have got five brothers and sisters. His father was a famous surgeon. At the age of 8,his mother died. He loves spent his time in the nature. When he was 16 years old, Charles went to Edinburgh to start studying medicine, but he soon realized that the medecine was not made for him. So he studied and received a degree in Theology.

His mentor, John Henslow, encouraged him to be made engage as naturalist on The Beaggle. He spend his time to study the coasts of the South america. He observed new plants which had the same characteristic that plants which lived in Europe. Galapagos Islands was most impressed him.

Darwin wrote several books based on his surveys on geology and the plant and animal species he had observed and collected.
In January, 1839 Darwin married Emma Wedgewood, a cousin. They lived in London for a few years. Then they went to live in a village near London. Darwin died in 1882 because of the palludism.

When Darwin was on the Beagle, he observed that animals had been adapted their characteristic to the life on the Island. So Darwin wondered why there was such a diversity of the species. He read a book by Malthus called Population. Malthus introduced the idea that competition over limited resources would, in nature, keep populations stable. Sir Charles Lyell, a well-known geologist explain that the formation of the Earth was the result of action such as erosion or earthquake which act continuously. Darwin took as a starting point the theories of Lyell to develop his theorie. Darwin received a essay form Alfred Russel Wallace on the the idea for natural selection.
The point they jointly made was clear : the species adapted to their living’s condition. Only the most adapted to the nature will be survive.
In the same time, there was experience which was realize to create new race of dog or horse. The new race was the result of crossing between males and females which had best the physical characteristics than they wanted developped in their descandance. This was the artifical selection.
Darwin made the parallel between the artifical selection and a phenomon of selection in the nature : the natural selection.

He arrived at the conclusion that there was three different type of varaition :
- the first which give an individual some advantage, individual is more likely to survive and pass the advantage to the next generation
- the second which give nothing, individual can survive and pass the variation to the next generation but they didn’t have more advantage
- the third which give an individual some disadvantage, individual is more likely to died and can’t pass the disadvantage to the next generation.
Darwin put forth assumption that the man went down the monkey.

When he observed birds’s reproduction, he saw that femals is attracted by the males having attribute development. So there is a fight for the existence.

-------------------
Edité par emy64 le 08-04-2005 13:36
titre + mise en page



Réponse: Darwin/ Correction de emy64, postée le 08-04-2005 à 17:45:28 (S | E)
Message de audebunny posté le 2005-04-08 17:18:23 (S | E | F | I)
Bonjour
Je me suis rendu compte que mon sujet sur Darwin était trop long à lire alors je vais poser des questions sur les points de grammaire qui me posent des problèmes.

Exemple de phrase pas facile à faire :
When Darwin was on the Beagle, he observed that animals had been adapted their characteristic to the life on the Island.
In the same time, there was experience which was realize to create new race of dog or horse.

Voilà ce sont les deux types phrases qui me posent des problèmes.




Réponse: Darwin/ Correction de jardin62, postée le 08-04-2005 à 17:53:56 (S | E)
Bonsoir.
(Er... vous n'y allez pas 'un peu fort' avec la taille du travail de correction? )

-In 1859...=>modified through domestication.
-Then he analysed reproduction and its link with selection, and the relation between man and monkey.
-Afterwards=>...the different gestures animals use to communicate and their link with human emotional expression.
-...orchids, climbing plants, and insectivorious plants.
- He studied...shapes od flowers ...in plants
- ..is the Father
- born in
- he had five brothers...
- When he was 8...
- He loved to spend his time in nature
- realised
- that medecine
- so he studied theology and was awarded a degree
- encouraged him to engage as a botanist
- He spent his time studying
- South America
- ...plants with the same characteristics as European plants
- G. Islands most impressed him
- ...on geology as well as on the plants and animal species he had ...
- ...married a cousin, Emma Wedgewood
-...from paludism
- ...that animals had adapted to the life...
- So he wondered
- a diversity of species
- ..the idea that competition in nature would keep ...
- ...was a result of constan erosion and earthquakes
-...an essay from
-...theory
-...Darwin once read an essay
-...R Wallace who developped the idea of natural selection
-...they both made it clear that the most adapted species would survive
- At the same time
- ...an experiment to create new breeds of dogs and horses was undertaken/led
- The new breed...a crossing...which had the best physical characteristics and they would transmit them to their descendants
-This was called the 'artificial selection'
-...and the phenomenon...in nature
- He came to the conclusion...there were...types...evolution
- The first gave the individual advantage...to pass the advantage on to the next generation
- The second gave nothing... on to the next generation...but they wouldn't be advantaged.
- the third gave the individual disadvantage...to die... on to...
- that man
-...descended from/ goes back to
- the reproduction of birds
- females
- were attracted by males having developped.
- there was a fight for existence
* Quand c'est si long, il est impossible de justifier/d'expliquer/ ses corrections : quel est le véritable intérêt pour vous?



Réponse: Darwin/ Correction de audebunny, postée le 08-04-2005 à 18:44:21 (S | E)
It is very kind of you, jardin62. I thank you but I think that you spend your mail in the same time that I spend my second mail.



Réponse: Darwin/ Correction de jardin62, postée le 08-04-2005 à 19:01:04 (S | E)
It's all right, don't worry!


Réponse: Darwin/ Correction de ruofei, postée le 09-04-2005 à 03:35:06 (S | E)
Bonjour audebunny,
correction de Jardin + quelques modifications:


(attention à l'utilisation de 'relation')
Then, he analysed the relation between the reproduction and the selection and also the relation between man and monkey. (Then, he analysed the interrelation between reproduction and selection as well as the relationship between the man and the mokey)
Afterwards, he studied the evolution of the gesture that animals use to communicate and the relation between the human emotionnal expression. (Later on, he looked into the evolution of animals' body language in relation to human beings' emotional expressions)

[...] he published the famous 'Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms'! (titre entre parenthèses)

Charles Darwin’s Father of evolution
[...] At the age of 8 years,his mother... When he was 16 years old, Charles went to Edinburgh to start studying medicine, but he soon realized that the medecine was not made for him. So he studied and received a degree in Theology. (that he was not meant for medical sciences so went on studying Theology and was rewarded a degree)

His mentor, John Henslow, encouraged him to be made engage (encourage him to get involved) as naturalist on The Beaggle. He spend his time to study the coasts of the South america (ou: coastal S.A).

[...] palludism malaria.

When Darwin was on the Beagle, he observed found out
So Darwin wondered So this lead Darwin to wonder why there was such a diversity of the species. He read a book by Malthus called Population. Malthus , in which the author introduced the idea ...

explained that the formation of the Earth was the result of action such as erosion or earthquake which act continuously. Darwin took as a starting point the theories of Lyell to develop his own theory.
Darwin received a essay form Alfred Russel Wallace on the the idea for natural selection.

The point they jointly made was clear : the species adapted to their living’s condition living conditions.

Darwin made the drew a parallel between the artifical selection and a phenomon of selection in the nature , that is to say, the natural selection.

Darwin put forth the assumption that...

Un texte vraiment bien construit. Bravo!





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