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Bac/Lieux et formes de pouvoir

Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Bac/Lieux et formes de pouvoir
Message de ginnychou posté le 10-04-2017 à 16:06:49 (S | E | F)
Bonjour tout le monde!
Je viens de finir d'écrire ma notion de lieux et formes de pouvoir et j'aurais aimé que quelqu'un y jette un coup d'oeil et me dise ce qu'il ou elle en pense si possible et éventuellement corrige ndique les fautes qu'il ou elle rencontrerait... .
Merci d'avance

I’m going to talk about the notion of forms and places of power but first, let me give you a quick definition of the notion. Power can be defined as the ability to influence people or things in order to get what you want. There are different types of powers (executive, legislative and judiciary) and there are symbolic places where they are exercised, for example the White House or a Court (of justice). But power is not necessarily represented by a material place. For instance, in the UK, two people represent it: the queen is the head of the state and the Prime minister the head of the government. Leaders exercise their power on followers. Unfortunately, leaders can be corrupted and corrupt others. We can wonder how power can change people.
To answer this question we will first talk about the way power changes leaders and then about how it corrupts followers as well.

In this first part, we’ll try to understand why and how power changes leaders. Well, leadership is all about influence and power, leaders get things done using their power, but this is where we have to make a distinction between two forms of power: socialized and personalized power. It means that you can act for a personal gain or to benefit others. However, when a leader’s personal gain dominates, at the expense of the followers, it is called corruption. We can take for example Shakespeare’s Macbeth. After they learnt the prophecy about Macbeth becoming king, he and his eager wife couldn’t resist to the “call of power”. That’s the first change in their behavior: Macbeth killed the king and took his place. Power definitely corrupted him. But corruption is not the only effect that power had on him. Power caused Macbeth’s isolation, madness and paranoia: indeed, he killed his friend Banquo, fearing that one of his sons would try to become king. Moreover, power also affected Lady Macbeth. She used to be eager to power, and she got it, but it also made her mad and, haunted by what she and her husband did, she committed suicide. This example shows us the influence of power on the people who have it. Now, let’s turn to the second part.

When a leader abuses his power, it has impacts on the ones who follow. Abusive laws compel people to corrupt themselves, not abiding by them. People establish counter powers. It can be peaceful, like engaged art, but sometimes, resistance involves violence and becomes a criminal organization. This is what happened in 1920 in Chicago, when Prohibition started. Al Capone, head of the mob, corrupted every representative of the law to allow the people to consume alcohol without being caught, in exchange for money. He corrupted the police, the politicians and therefore, the people. Thus, the power of the law incited people to corrupt themselves, to ally with criminals and to become outlaws. People became criminals before the law acting against it, despite the fact that the law was in some ways abusive. Finally, counter power outweighed official power and Prohibition ended.

The examples helped us to understand how power can change people, leaders as well as followers. Leaders sometimes get corrupted, fearing to lose their power, and do things they would never have done if the didn’t lead. When people disagree with the law, they use counter power and also get corrupted under the law: they also change because of power. It seems that power has only negative effects, but let’s not forget that it is what happens in some extreme cases and that power, in the right people’s hands, can be controlled and improve the world

-------------------
Modifié par lucile83 le 10-04-2017 18:43


Réponse : Bac/Lieux et formes de pouvoir de here4u, postée le 13-04-2017 à 21:45:41 (S | E)
Hello !

I’m going to talk about the notion of "forms and places of power" but first, let me give you a quick definition of the notion. Power can be defined as the ability to influence people or things in order to get what you want. There are different types of powers (executive, legislative and judiciary) and there are symbolic places where they are exercised, for example the White House or a Court (of jJustice). But power is not necessarily represented by a material place. For instance, in the UK, two people represent it: the qQueen is the head of the state and the Prime minister the head of the government. Leaders exercise their power on followers. Unfortunately, leaders can be corrupted and corrupt others. We can wonder how power can change people.
To answer this question we will first talk about the way power changes leaders and then about how it corrupts followers as well.

In this first part, we’ll try to understand why and how power changes leaders. Well, leadership is all about influence and power, leaders get things done using their power, but this is where we have to make a distinction between two forms of power: socialized and personalized power. It means that you can act for a personal gain or to benefit others. However, when a leader’s personal gain dominates, at the expense of the followers, it is called corruption. We can take (for example) Shakespeare’s Macbeth as an example.) After they learnt the prophecy about Macbeth becoming kKing, he and his eager wife couldn’t resist (to) the “call of power”. That’s the first change in their behavior: Macbeth killed the kKing and took his place. Power definitely corrupted him. But corruption is not the only effect that power had on him. Power caused Macbeth’s isolation, madness and paranoia: indeed, he killed his friend Banquo, fearing that one of his sons would try to become kKing. Moreover, power also affected Lady Macbeth. She used to be eager to XXX power(Il manque un verbe.), and she got it, but it also made her mad and, haunted by what she and her husband did= antériorité => past perfect) , she committed suicide. This example shows us the influence of power on the people who have it. Now, let’s turn to the second part.

When a leader abuses his power, it has impacts on the ones who follow. Abusive laws compel people to corrupt themselves, not abiding by them. People establish counter powers. It can be peaceful, like engaged art, but sometimes, resistance involves violence and becomes a criminal organization. This is what happened in 1920 in Chicago, when Prohibition started. Al Capone, head of the mob(gang?), corrupted every representative of the law to allow the people to consume alcohol without being caught, in exchange for money. He corrupted the police, the politicians and therefore, the people. Thus, the power of the law incited/pushed people to corrupt themselves, to ally with criminals and to become outlaws. People became criminals before the law acting against it, despite the fact that the law was in some ways abusive. Finally, XXX counter power outweighed XXX official power and Prohibition ended.

The examples helped us to understand how power can change people, leaders as well as followers. Leaders sometimes get corrupted, fearing to lose their power, and do things they would never have done if theY didn’t lead. (Antériorité et verbe irrégulier!) When people disagree with the law, they use counter power and also get corrupted under the law: they also change because of power. It seems that power has only negative effects, but let’s not forget that it is what happens in some extreme cases and that power, in the right people’s hands, can be controlled and improve the world.
Anglais de bonne qualité malgré deux horreurs Pour moi, les références aux textes sont trop peu nombreuses (document visuel?)!



Réponse : Bac/Lieux et formes de pouvoir de ginnychou, postée le 14-04-2017 à 11:52:16 (S | E)
Merci beaucoup pour votre aide!!!




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