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| |Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°2470 : Bloody Mary3 - Crossword -
Bloody Mary3 - Crossword -
Mary Tudor. Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, has the misfortune of being remembered as 'Bloody Mary'. The nickname implies that she was hated throughout the land for the burning of Protestants in her bid to restore Catholicism to England. The nickname is the result of Protestant propaganda that portrays those burnt as heroes and Mary as an evil Queen.Mary became Queen in 1553 following the death of her brother Edward and the deposement of Jane Grey who was sent to the Tower and beheaded. As a devout Catholic, Mary believed that unless Catholicism was restored in England, all her subjects would go to hell.In 1554, Mary married Philip II of Spain. Spain was a Catholic country and Philip joined mary in her bid to restore England to Rome. However, the marriage was not popular, the people had no wish to be governed by a foreigner and there was racial tension between the English and Spanish merchants in London. Thomas Wyatt led some 3,000 men from Rochester in Kent to London in protest against the Queen's marriage and her anti-Protestant policies.In 1555 Mary announced that she was pregnant and that the baby was due in June 1555. But no baby arrived...We now know that Mary probably had cancer of the womb.In 1555, Parliament passed a set of Heresy laws that made it a crime to be Protestant in England. All Protestants who refused to convert to Catholicism were to be burnt...In all Mary was responsible for the burnings of 227 men and 56 women, mostly in the South East of England.In 1557 Philip persuaded Mary to commit England to helping him fight against France. Mary duly declared war on France. However the move was desastrous for England and for Mary. The French invaded and reclaimed Calais, England's last possession in France and the people were fed up with paying higher taxes for a war that had only been started to help Spain.Mary died childless: Elizabeth, her step-sister, then became Queen and reigned for 45 years...
Fin de l'exercice d'anglais "Bloody Mary3 - Crossword -"
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