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Apprendre l'anglais > Cours & exercices d'anglais > Exercices d'anglais > test d'anglais n°3307 : Culture et langue : 'The Great Fire of London'

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> Double-cliquez sur n'importe quel terme pour obtenir une traduction...


Culture et langue : 'The Great Fire of London'


 

The Great Fire of London was a major fire that swept through the City of London from September 2nd to September 5th, 1666, and resulted more or less in the destruction of the city.

The fire of 1666 was one of the biggest calamities in the History of London.

It destroyed

  • 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, 6 chapels, 44 Company Halls, the Royal Exchange, the Custom House, St Paul's Cathedral, the Guildhall, the Bridewell Palace and other City prisons, the Session House, four bridges across the rivers Thames and Fleet, and three city gates.

It made homeless

  • 100,000 people, one sixth of the city's inhabitants at that time.

The fire

The fire broke out on Sunday morning, September 2nd, 1666. It started in Pudding Lane at the house of Thomas Farrinor, a baker to King Charles II. It is likely that the fire started because Farrinor forgot to extinguish his oven before retiring for the evening and that some time shortly after midnight, smouldering embers from the oven set alight some nearby firewood.

A neighbour called Samuel Pepys was woken up by the fire at around 1 a.m. Farrinor managed to escape the burning building, along with his family, by climbing out through an upstairs window. The baker's housemaid failed to escape and became the fire's first victim.

Within an hour of the fire starting, the Lord Mayor of London, Sir Thomas Bloodworth, was woken with the news. He was unimpressed however, declaring that 'a woman might piss it out.'

Most buildings in London at this time were constructed of highly combustible materials like wood and straw, and sparks emanating from the baker's shop fell onto an adjacent building. Fanned by a strong wind, once the fire had taken hold it swiftly spread. The spread of the fire was helped by the fact that buildings were built very close together with only a narrow alley between them.

The progress of the fire might have been stopped, but for the conduct of the Lord Mayor, who refused to give orders for pulling down some houses, without the consent of the owners : buckets and engines were of no use.

As stated, the fire consumed a staggering 13,200 houses and 87 churches, among them the beloved St. Paul's Cathedral, but incredibly only 9-16 people are known to have died.

The destructive fury of this conflagration was never, perhaps, exceeded in any part of the world, by any fire originating in accident. Within the walls, it consumed almost five-sixths of the whole city; and without the walls it cleared a space nearly as large as the one-sixth part left unburnt within. Scarcely a single building that came within the range of the flames was left standing. Public buildings, churches, and dwelling-houses, were alike involved in one common fate.

  • Faire des réponses complètes aux 'WH-questions' : 1, 2, 3
  • Remplacer les noms par des pronoms : 1, 2, 9




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1. When did the fire break out ? It broke out on , September 2, 1666.

2. Where did it start ? (street) It started in .

3. Thomas Farrinor's job ? (1 word)

4. The English word for 'éteindre' : (to)

5. Who became the fire's first victim ? The became the fire's first victim

6. An adjective describing the Lord Mayor's feeling when he was told the news :

7. (An adjective) : Materials that burn are .

8. If some houses had been pulled down, the progress of the fire might have been .

9. Were buckets and engines of any use ? (short answer) .

10. Write 13, 200 in letters :

11. 9-16 : change the hyphen (-) into a preposition

12. Trouver la phrase du texte pouvant être traduite par : Un voisin fut réveillé par le feu vers 1 heure du matin
.

13. Quelle est la forme de cette phrase au prétérit ? La forme

14. A neighbour was woken up by the fire.=> mettre à la forme active, past perfect .

15. Dans l'introduction une phrase résume ce que fut ce feu dans l'Histoire de Londres : The fire of 1666 was one of in the History of London.









Fin de l'exercice d'anglais "Culture et langue : 'The Great Fire of London'"
Un exercice d'anglais gratuit pour apprendre l'anglais. (tags: uk )
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