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    Niveau: (difficile)

     

    EXPLIQUER UN TEXTE: expressions importantes.

     

    1) What the writer does (Parler de ce que fait l'auteur):

    - The writer tells a story, recounts an incident, gives an account of a situation, narrates an experience.
    - He describes, depicts, draws a picture, gives a description of...
    - He sketches, portrays, delineates, outlines a character, a situation
    - He states, poses a problem, raises a question, an issue, a point
    - He takes up a subject, touches upon it, treats it, tackles it
    - He concentrates, dwells, harps on it / He reflects, meditates on it, ponders over it
    - He places emphasis, lays stress on it, stresses, emphasizes, underlines it
    - He examines, considers, discusses a problem, views it as...
    - He maintains, asserts, declares that...
    - He alludes to the fact that... / He creates, invents / he illustrates, demonstrates
    - He expresses, utters, gives vent to his own feelings, ideas, views, opinions
    - His purpose is to...
    - He considers the arguments, the reasons for and against...
    - He analyzes the reasons why...
    - He looks at both sides of the question / He considers the questions from all angles.
    - He indicates, points out the disadvantages or drawbacks on the one hand, and the advantages on the other hand.
    - He objects to, protests against... / He puts forward an idea, and develops it
    - He presents, provides the reader with a wide range of examples, views of...
    - He awakens, arouses, excites, compels, stimulates the interest.
    - He reports, treats, deals with a large number of cases...
    - He manages (fails) to bring his subject, the period alive.
    - He succeeds in bringing... in conveying to the reader
    - He relies on particular devices to achieve his aim (effects, aims).
    - By means of particular devices, he manages to involve the reader and makes him participate in the events
    - He appeals to, he makes appeals to the reader's imagination.

     

    2) Referring to the writer's opinions or words (Citer des mots ou des idées de l'auteur)

    - The writer claims that... / would have us believe that...
    - This is well illustrated by the following statement. I quote: "..."
    - As the writer puts it...
    - In the writer's words / The author, to quote his own words, says that...
    - This last point can be illustrated by the writer's own words...
    - The writer relies on repetitions
    - The word occurs five times in the passage
    - The capitals signify that ... / in italics
    - To sum up / to summarize
    - These words are suggestive of, they imply...
    - This quotation carries biblical echoes
    - The impression is conveyed by...

     

    3) Drawing attention to a particular point (Mettre en avant une idée)

    - It is interesting to note / observe / remark that...
    - What is particularly striking in this passage is that...
    - We can hardly fail to be struck / impressed by...
    - It is significant that the scene should be set in...
    - The emphasis falls on...
    - The character embodies / symbolizes / exemplifies ...
    - It is a fact that ... / It is beyond question that / there is no denying that...
    - As we read the text closely / On reading the text
    - As we have just suggested / hinted / pointed out, ...
    - If we pay close attention to the text, we see that...



    4) Referring to a particular passage in the text (Citer des mots précis du texte)

    - At the beginning of our passage
    - The opening sentence betrays... (reveals, discloses)
    - Midway through the passage / In the middle of the passage
    - Towards the end of the passage
    - All through the passage / Throughout the passage
    - From line... to line ...
    - Each of the passage...
    - For the whole of the first paragraph...
    - Considering the first passage as a whole / let us consider the first passage...
    - In the preceding / previous paragraph...
    - In the following / next paragraph...

     



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